Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns

It is important to distinguish interviews as a way of gathering information and interviewing being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two other ways are:

  • observation, once the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness associated with event,
  • working together with documents, where in actuality the document means any material provider containing texts and images.

Kinds of interviews and their function

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for planning of text when you look at the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to determine the traits of an individual, then to reflect them into the text).

The reportage meeting ended up being discussed within the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative shall find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is interview being a genre, as being a real means of text formatting by means of questions from the interviewer additionally the responses associated with interlocutor. In the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the wide range of questions associated with the researcher is minimized (often they are no at all), during the other pole – a discussion, once affordable papers™ the journalist not merely asks questions, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The truth that the meeting is a discussion, shows in regards to the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be conducted by a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the viewpoint with this journalist has also been interesting to visitors, once the viewpoint associated with interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks the maximum amount of or higher in a job interview as an interlocutor, that is a sign of insufficient certification.

Forms of interviews with respect to the topic. Topic interview

With respect to the topic, you will find three kinds of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the topic meeting is the state of things in almost any field of activity. Usually this is certainly a job interview with an expert, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist exactly as much as he could be linked to this state of affairs. For instance, a police officer informs just how to protect a flat from thieves. A doctor explains how exactly to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The financial consultant makes a forecast just how long the crisis will undoubtedly be from the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on problems that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling associated with the interview that is subject of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there’s a parsing regarding the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject with all the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical guidelines to visitors.

The hero regarding the interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in case. This will be a given information interview, among the news genres. The duty regarding the journalist is always to learn as much as possible the important points and details of what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.